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  1. ddd675 is offline Junior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2017

    New NETA 4 Exam Questions

    I wrote my NETA 4 test today... and failed. Here are some tips.
    Don't waste your time reading the NETA study material that they give you. I went through it all and did all the Tech Quizzes.... I don't think anything I studied was on the test. NETA updated the exam but didn't update any of the study material. Some of it is outdated and wrong as well.

    The study material focuses on Approach Boundaries, testing levels, expected results, NETA ATS & MTS info etc. NONE OF THIS WAS ON THE EXAM.

    Here are some of the questions I could remember:

    1. What kind of test do you perform on a fibre optic cable?
    a. Time domain reflectometry
    b. Light domain reflectometry

    2. What test value would you use while testing fibre optic cable?
    a. dBs

    3. At what elevation do ohm readings get effected?
    a. 1000m

    4. When testing insulation resistance on a MV Motors, at what voltage does it become ambiguous?

    5. On a main incoming of a 480V switchgear, what class powermeter should be installed?
    a. II
    b. III
    c. IV
    d. V

    6. A DCS is sending an auto speed signal for 30HZ via a 0-20mA transducer. The VFD is only outputting 1-3HZ. The mA measured by a mutimeter at the VFD is 10mA. What is the likely issue?
    a. High resistance in Auto Speed circuit?
    b. AC Component on DC signal

    7. A primary injection is to be performed on a transformer 138kV/25kV, 2500kva, 8%Z using a 480V generator connected to the high side with the low side grounded. The expected current in the high side is?

    8. A harmonic filter bank consists of a capacitor bank at XXuF and XXXmH. Which harmonic is this bank eliminating?

    9. According to ANSI Standards if you can not physically place a lock on a device what extra step needs to be taken to ensure safety.

    10. In insulating oil, what gas would indicate partial discharge in the oil?

    11. Two 1mH inductors are connected in parallel and in series with two 45uF capacitors connected in parallel. What is the total impedance of the circuit?

    12. There is 60 amps measured on the line of a delta transformer secondary. How many amps are in the delta?

    13. Two loads are connected to the same soure. Load 1: 1250KVA @ 0.85PF. Load 2: 600KW, 300KVAR. What is the combined load in KVA & PF.

    14. What is meant by double insulation?

    15. In a 480V solidly grounded system you must _________.
    a. Have automatic ground fault tripping
    b. Not have automatic ground fault tripping

    16. Which SCADA communication is only appropriate for short distances?
    a. RS232
    b. RS485
    c. CAT6
    d. Fibre

    17. A battery bank has batteries where the terminals are bulged and the seals broken. This is likely from:
    a. Improper charging
    b. Increasing plate growth
    c. Decreasing plate growth

    18. Two parallel feeder cables with individual 400:5 CT’s per parallel run are connected to one overcurrent relay per phase. The proper connection would be:
    a. Parallel additive with relay set to 800:5
    b. Parallel subtractive with relay set to 800:5
    c. Series additive with relay set to 400:5
    d. Series subtractive with relay set to 400:5

    19. A substation has zone ground fault protection. Which statement is true?
    a. The main will trip before the feeder breakers
    b. The feeder breakers send a block to the main and tie so they don’t trip
    c. The feeder breakers send a block the main and tie so they don’t trip until their designated tripping time.
    d. The main will trip and block tripping to the other side of the bus

    20. Before using a ground and test device you must perform what test every time before use?

    21. Which statement is true about a DCS System?
    a. Replaces many electromechanical devices

    22. A CT circuit with a CT resistance of 15mohm goes to a SEL-751 (.27VA @ 5A) through 125ft of #12 SIS (.988 ohms per 100ft). What is the appropriate CT class?
    a. C10
    b. C50
    c. C100
    d. C200

    23. What is the IEC 61850 naming structure?

    24. What is true about Natural esters oil?
    a. Cannot be mixed with mineral oil
    b. Has a higher PF than mineral oil

    25. What would a reactor placed at the end of a long transmission line be for?

    26. What is a wavetrap for?

    27. A DC drive with a high carrier frequency could cause issues with
    a. AC ripple
    b. Pulse width modulation

    28. What kind of fault on a transformer is shown on the given waveform?
    a. B to ground internal
    b. Single phase to ground on high side

    29. According to ANSI a newly installed battery bank should be load tested after:
    a. 1 year
    b. 2 years
    c. 4 years
    d. 5 years

    30. Three single phase transformers feed a load and one faults. Connected in open delta how much load can the 2 units support?
    a. 57.7%

    31. While testing a 100KVAR 480V 3 phase wye connected capacitor. What would the expected uF be across A-B terminals.

  2. #2
  3. Join Date
    Jul 2015

    Legit questions

    Just took it today and passed. These study tips were crucial. Thanks a ton.

  4. #3
  5. Join Date
    Jan 2015
    Thanks for the input. Here are some answers

    Please correct me if I'm wrong:

    1.A (Optic time domain reflectometry)


    7. You did not specify the xfmr connection but assuming it is Delta/Wye my calculation is 3007.12 A primary

    8. 5th Harmonic

    10. Acetylene

    11. 0.41 miliohms

    12. Not enough info but after assumptions 103.92 A???

    13. 1825.8 @ 0.91 PF

    14. Requires no connection to ground (earth)

    15.B (not required, NEC 700.6(D))

    16.C (most likely since CAT6 length limit is 100 m)




    20. Dielectric withstand @ 75% of Factory acceptance testing value (IEEE C37.20.6)

    22.D (C200 since i came up with a burden of aprox 1.25 ohms which exceed the error limit of a C100)

    24.B (0.89 vs 0.92)

    25 The line reactor compensates for line capacitance, mitigates voltage transients and limits the fault currents. I don't know what the answers were there.

    26. They are used in PLC (Power Line Carrier) to trap the high frequency communication signals typical of 400 Hz

    29.D maybe? (Lead-acid is 5 years and VRLA 12-18 months so we need more info here)

    31. 2.3 micro-farad

  6. #4
  7. Join Date
    Jan 2015
    Question 2 correct answer db/km
    Question 14 correct answer is double layer insulation

  8. #5
  9. Join Date
    Jan 2015

    Passed my Level 4

    Passed my level 4 yesterday and your questions were very helpful. I will post a couple of the questions as soon as my card is issued (4-6 weeks)

    Thank you very much !

  10. #6
  11. Join Date
    Jan 2015
    Here are some more questions:

    1. Which order harmonic would be effectively removed from a power system by applying a single-tuned filter with a 0.55 μF capacitor and a 500 mH inductor?
    (B) 5th –correct
    (C) 7th

    When attaching a lock to a disconnecting means is not possible and a tag is
    used, which one of the following requirements applies?
    (A) At least one additional safety measure must be employed to reduce hazard

    3. The trip area of an mho, loss-of excitation relay primary resides in which quadrants of an R-X diagram?
    (A) +R, +X and -R, +X
    (B) +R, -X and -R, -X - CORRECT
    (C) +R, -X and +R, +X
    (D) -R, +X and -R, -X

    4. In a directional comparison blocking (DCB) scheme, why is a communications signal transmitted?
    (A) To communicate to the remote end that the fault is in the reverse direction of the local end - CORRECT
    (B) To communicate to the remote end that the fault is in line and to trip instantly

    5. What is the purpose of a preventive transformer? (Read LTC functionality)

    6. Which of the following statements is correct with regards to ground-fault protection for a 480 V, 1200 A, solidly grounded emergency system? (READ NEC)
    (A) Automatic ground-fault tripping is prohibited
    (B) Automatic ground fault tripping is required
    (C) An audible and visual signal is required - CORRECT

    7. For a 480 V system, the arcing-fault magnitude relative to the available bolted- fault magnitude is approximately:
    (A) 25%
    (B) 50%
    (C) 75%
    (D) 90%

    8. How is a transformer with a cooling class listed ONAN/OFAF cooled?

    According to NETA-ATS, a required insulating gas analysis on a SF6 switch is:
    (A) naturalization number
    (B) interfactial tension
    (C) moisture content - CORRECT
    (D) flash point

    10. On an outage that included two medium voltage contactors, one supplies the motor and one a transformer. The fuses are E and R rated, which one goes where?

    You need to know what are those fuse types used for. In this case E @ XFMRand R @ contactor
    11. What is an IRIG used for in SCADA?
    Can't remember all the answer but correct one is Time Synchronization

    11. What component of microprocessor power monitor is verified with metering comparison test?
    A) CPU
    B) SER
    C) I/O module - CORRECT

    12. What is the main reason to use shunt reactors in power lines?
    A) To reduce power system harmonics - CORRECT

    13. AC arc flash PPE category table what is the assumption that is listed for each equipment type?
    A) Working distance - CORRECT
    B) Presence of current limiting devices

    14. Which standard addresses equipment grounding?
    A) NFPA 70 -CORRECT (this is NEC)
    B) NFPA 70B
    C) NFPA 70E

    Advantages of concrete encased grounding electrode

    What is the maximum allowed frequency variation from nameplate for AC
    induction motors?
    A) 2%
    B) 5%
    C) 10% - CORRECT

    17. On a LTC when increasing tap what happens to the voltage compared to the neutral posistion?
    A) Lineary higher - CORRECT
    B) Exponentialy higher
    C) Lineary lower
    D) Exponentialy lower

    18. What is a Buchholz Relay.


    IEC 61850 (read about GOOSE as well)
    UL listing
    TDCG (oil tests in general)
    Vectors (from polar to cartesian and vice-versa)
    Infrared testing facts
    Fiber optic
    Transmission protection
    Transmission protection communication facts and types (POTT, PUTT, DCB, DCUB, DTT, pilot wire)
    SF6 gas testing
    Porcelain and polymer insulator advantages and disadvantages
    Commissioning facts
    Functional tests facts (especially for relays / solid state devices) Tranformer calculations, especially instrument transformers
    CT facts and know how to calculate burden and what does the CT class represent
    Battery maintenance and troubleshooting
    Wavetrap facts (not just what it is)

    Consider taking over the counter lechitin capsules, one per day. Start about 2-3 weeks before your test. It doesn't do miracles but it is very cheap and it will help you retain some of the useless junk you will have to memorize for the test that you will never use in your testing career.

  12. #7
  13. Join Date
    Dec 2015
    Quote Originally Posted by ddd675 View Post
    29. According to ANSI a newly installed battery bank should be load tested after:
    a. 1 year
    b. 2 years
    c. 4 years
    d. 5 years
    Does anyone know the answer to this, I think its within 2 years of installation?

  14. #8
  15. Join Date
    Mar 2015

    Prepping for exam

    Thanks so much for posting this info. I had heard about the changes, so it is very nice to see some examples.

    I do have some questions I was hoping you, or others could help with?

    1. What kind of test do you perform on a fibre optic cable?
    Could this be Optical time domain reflectometry

    4. When testing insulation resistance on a MV Motors, at what voltage does it become ambiguous?
    I couldn't find any information on this. Could the question have been at what IR value (Megohms) does P.I. become ambiguous? (5,000MOhms I think)

    Thanks again for taking time to post this.


  16. #9
  17. Join Date
    Mar 2015

    Ground Fault


    15.B (not required, NEC 700.6(D))

    The chapter you are citing refers to emergency systems.

    I would think the appropriate chapter is:
    "230.95 Ground-Fault Protection of Equipment. Ground-fault protection of equipment shall be provided for solidly grounded wye electric services of more than 150 volts to ground but not exceeding 1000 volts phase-to-phase for each service disconnect rated 1000 amperes or more. The grounded conductor for the solidly grounded wye system shall be connected directly to ground through a grounding electrode system, as specified in 250.50, without inserting any resistor or impedance device. The rating of the service disconnect shall be considered to be the rating of the largest fuse that can be installed or the highest continuous current trip setting for which the actual over current device installed in a circuit breaker is rated or can be adjusted."


  18. #10
  19. Join Date
    Mar 2015

    Load Testing

    Quote Originally Posted by Sanjayo View Post
    Does anyone know the answer to this, I think its within 2 years of installation?
    Found this on one manufacturers documentation:

    "Conduct load test two years[emphasis added] after installation and then every five years. When the
    system’s capacity falls below 90% load test annually."


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