• ETT Level 2.1: Safety

    Learn about intermediate safety topics required to pass your ETT Level 2 exam.

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    1. Intermediate safety - Follow safe work practices in regard to hazardous materials. Understand materials safety data sheets (MSDS) and the right-to-know law. Recognize potential sources of fire ignition. Know the use of correct extinguishing materials and techniques. Recognize the symptoms of substance abuse. Follow OSHA guidelines in regard to the erection and use of scaffolds. Identify safe and unsafe working conditions. Understand correct tool usage.
      • Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication The Globally Harmonized System includes criteria for the classification of health, physical and environmental hazards, as well as specifying what information should be included on labels of hazardous chemicals as well as safety data sheets.
      • Right to Know Law and Workers Rights Most states have their own Right-to-Know laws that cover public-sector workers. In some of these states, workers have stronger rights than under the federal Hazard Communication Standard.
      • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Workers have the right to review the MSDS. Right-to-know laws require that workers have access to an MSDS for each hazardous chemical in their work area during their shift.
      • How to Read an MSDS [PDF] Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are an important requirement of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. MSDS have become important documents to inform employees, students, and the general public about how materials can be safely handled, used, and stored.
      • Fire Safety and Prevention Tips Fire in the workplace can be a very dangerous and terrifying experience. Anyone who doesn't know what to do in the event of a fire is not only a danger to themselves but also everyone around them.
      • Electrical Fires [PDF] Fire investigators tend to blame fires on that which they understand least, and that is electricity.
      • Symptoms and Signs of Drug Abuse Although different drugs have different physical effects, the symptoms of addiction are similar.
      • OSHA Guide to Scaffold Use in the Construction Industry [PDF] Scaffolding hazards continue to rank high on the list of the most frequently cited standards in the construction industry. Scaffold-related fatalities account for a significant number of fatalities in the construction workplace. This booklet addresses some of the most common questions about OSHA's scaffold standard.
      • Portable Ladder Safety Falls from portable ladders (step, straight, combination and extension) are one of the leading causes of occupational fatalities and injuries.
      • OSHA Workers Rights Handbook [PDF] This publication provides a general overview of worker rights under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act).
      • OSHA Guide to Hand and Power Tools [PDF] Employees who use hand and power tools and are exposed to the hazards of falling, flying, abrasive, and splashing objects, or to harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, or gases must be provided with the appropriate personal protective equipment.
      • Electrical Safety You Learned in Kindergarten [PDF] Tool counting may seem like a minor subject in the complex world of electrical safety. However, this kindergarten level task, if performed incorrectly, could cause disastrous consequences.
    2. Confined space - Recognize confined space and its hazards. Recognize when a confined space becomes a permit required confined space along with the associated requirements. Follow OSHA test procedures. Evaluate conditions and control the hazards.
      • OSHA: Permit-Required Confined Spaces [PDF] - Many workplaces contain spaces that are considered to be "confined" because their configurations hinder the activities of employees who must enter into, work in or exit from them.
      • What About Manholes? [PDF] Manholes, besides the uncomfortable name, create a unique circumstance, both from an electrical standpoint as well as the confined space issues they create for the worker.
      • Confined Spaces: Deadly Spaces [Video] This four part video is designed for municipal workers and illustrates the basic rules for working in confined spaces. Oxygen deficiency and other potential dangers are covered. In addition, the health effects and physical characteristics of toxic gases including carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide, and methane are examined.
    3. Electrical personal protective equipment - Have knowledge of the correct use of personal grounds and safety equipment such as sleeves, rubber gloves, flash suits, blankets, insulated tools and sticks and testing of same.
    4. Switching and grounding - Understand correct OSHA lockout/tagout requirements. Know types of voltage detection equipment and the safe use of same. When temporary grounds are required, apply correct rating.
    5. NFPA 70 Requirements - Recognize the location and application of shock and arc-flash protection boundaries.
    6. Electrical Hazard PPE Selection - Understand the Arc-Flash Hazard/Risk Categories, Shock Protection Boundaries, and PPE Matrix.

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