Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA was created by the United States Congress 1970 as a part of the United States Department of Labor and is responsible for setting and enforcing federal standards that aim to provide safe and healthful workplace conditions for employees.
OSHA has published a number of training, compliance assistance, and health and safety recognition programs throughout its history. OSHA covers most private sector employers in all 50 states and other U.S. jurisdictions, either directly through federal OSHA or through an OSHA approved state plan.
Compliance Safety and Health Officers carry out inspections and assess fines for regulatory violations. Inspections are planned for worksites in particularly hazardous industries. Inspections can also be triggered by a workplace fatality, multiple hospitalizations, worker complaints, or referrals.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
ANSI is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development and use of standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. Originally formed in 1918 as the American Engineering Standards Committee, ANSI's membership comprises government agencies, organizations, corporations, academic and international bodies, and individuals.
Headquartered in Washington, DC, ANSI represents the interests of more than 125,000 companies and 3.5 million professionals. The institute itself does not develop standards but accredits third-party standards when they meet the Institute's requirements for openness, balance, consensus, and due process.
ANSI also designates specific standards as American National Standards, or ANS, when developed in an environment approved by the institute. There are approximately 9,500 American National Standards that carry the ANSI designation.
ANSI promotes the use of U.S. standards internationally, advocates U.S. policy and technical positions in international and regional standards organizations, and encourages the adoption of international standards as national standards where appropriate.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
ASTM is a not-for-profit organization that provides a forum for the development and publication of international voluntary consensus standards. Founded in 1898 as the American Section of the International Association for Testing and Materials, ASTM is one of the oldest standards organizations, predating BSI (1901), ANSI (1918) and AFNOR (1926).
Approximately 12,000 ASTM standards are published each year and can be found in the 80-volume Annual Book of ASTM Standards or on the ASTM website. ASTM standards are voluntary in the sense that their use is not mandated by ASTM. In the United States however, standards have been adopted in many federal, state, and municipal government regulations.
Membership in the organization is open to anyone with an interest in its activities. Members write ASTM standards through their service on one or more of ASTM's 140-plus technical committees. As of 2015, ASTM is headquartered just outside of Philadelphia and has more than 30,000 members, including over 1,150 organizational members from more than 140 countries.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE produces over 30% of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, publishing well over 100 peer-reviewed journals. IEEE is a leading standards development organization for the development of industrial standards, having developed over 900 active industry technical standards in a broad range of disciplines, including electric power and energy, biomedical technology and healthcare, information technology, information assurance, telecommunications, consumer electronics, transportation, aerospace, and nanotechnology.
The IEEE publishes more than 750 conference proceedings every year. In addition, the IEEE Standards Association maintains over 1,300 standards in engineering. The instutute also provides learning opportunities within the engineering sciences, research, and technology, including various programs to honor achievements in education, industry, research, and service.
IEEE is the world's largest association of technical professionals, with more than 400,000 members in chapters around the world. Since its founding in 1962, IEEE membership has long been composed of engineers and scientists with an electrical and electronics engineering core. Other members include computer scientists, software developers, information technology professionals, physicists, and medical doctors.
Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA)
Originally founded in 1925 as the Insulated Power Cables Engineers Association, the ICEA is a not-for profit professional organization dedicated to developing standards for the manufacture and use of electric power, data, and control cable.
Membership in ICEA is limited to engineers and those qualified by technical training or experience to contribute to the purpose and activity of the Association.
Working in conjunction with other voluntary consensus organizations like NEMA and ANSI, documents published by ICEA are used by cable manufacturers, architects and engineers, utility and manufacturing plant personnel, telecommunication engineers, consultants, and OEM'S.
ICEA members are sponsored by over thirty of North America's leading cable manufacturers and are committed to ensuring safe, economical, and efficient cable systems utilizing proven state-of-the-art materials and concepts.
International Electrical Testing Association (NETA)
Formerly known as the National Electrical Testing Association, NETA was formed in 1972 with the goal of establishing uniform testing procedures for electrical equipment and the standardized requirements for a test technician's knowledge or experience.
NETA companies earn their accreditation through a rigorous application process conducted by the Association. All of NETA's programs are fueled by thousands of hours of volunteer effort donated by industry experts, many of whom own, operate, or are employed by NETA Accredited Companies.
NETA became an ANSI accredited standards developer in 1996 and produced its first American National Standard in 2000. In addition to publishing electrical testing specifications, NETA hosts an annual Electrical Maintenance and Safety Conference and publishes a quarterly technical journal called NETA World.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
The NFPA is the world's leading advocate of fire prevention and an authoritative source on public safety. Established in 1896, the international nonprofit is committed to reducing the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating consensus codes and standards, research,training, and education.
NFPA is responsible for 380 codes and standards that are designed to minimize the risk and effects of fire by establishing criteria for building, processing, design, service, and installation in the United States, as well as many other countries.
NFPA membership totals more than 65,000 individuals from nearly 100 nations around the world. Its more than 200 technical development committees have over 6,000 volunteer seats. Volunteers vote on proposals and revisions in a process that is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
In addition to codes and standards, NFPA oversees the operations of several advocacy campaigns dedicated to increasing fire safety and awareness.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The EPA is an agency of the U.S. federal government that conducts environmental assessment, research, and education. Formed in 1970, the EPA is responsible for preventing and detecting environmental crimes, informing the public of environmental enforcement, and setting and monitoring standards of air pollution, water pollution, hazardous wastes and chemicals. The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts.
More than half of EPA human resources are engineers, scientists, and environmental protection specialists; other groups include legal, public affairs, financial, and information technologists.
The agency has its headquarters in Washington, D.C., regional offices for each of the agency's ten regions, and 27 laboratories. Each EPA regional office is responsible within its states for implementing the Agency's programs, except those programs that have been specifically delegated to states.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
A standard of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association defines a product, process, or procedure with reference to one or more of the following: nomenclature, composition, construction, dimensions, tolerances, safety, operating characteristics, performance, ratings, testing and the service for which it is designed.
NEMA provides a forum for the development of technical standards that are in the best interests of the industry and users, advocacy of industry policies on legislative and regulatory matters, and collection, analysis, and dissemination of industry data.
In addition to lobbying activities, NEMA publishes more than 600 standards application guides, white papers, and technical papers.
NEMA was founded in 1926 and maintains its headquarters in Rosslyn, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C Its approximately 450 member companies manufacture products used in the generation, transmission, distribution, control, and end use of electricity.
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